Advanced Flow Models for Computing the Reputation of Internet Domains

In collaboration with Sapir Academic College, Ashkelon, Israel

Hussien Othman, Ehud Gudes, Nurit Gal-Oz

IFIPTM 2017: 119-134

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The Domain Name System (DNS) is an essential component of the Internet infrastructure that translates domain names into IP addresses. Recent incidents verify the enormous damage of malicious activities utilizing DNS such as bots that use DNS to locate their command & control servers. We believe that a domain that is related to malicious domains is more likely to be malicious as well and therefore detecting malicious domains using the DNS network topology is a key challenge.In this work we improve the flow model presented by Mishsky etal. [12] for computing the reputation of domains. This flow model is applied on a graph of domains and IPs and propagates their reputation scores through the edges that connect them to express the impact ofmalicious domains on related domains. We propose the use of clustering to guide the flow of reputation in the graph and examine two different clustering methods to identify groups of domains and IPs that arestrongly related. The flow algorithms use these groups to emphasize the influence of nodes within the same cluster on each other. We evaluate the algorithms using a large database received from a commercial company.The experimental evaluation of our work have shown the expected improvement over previous work [12] in detecting malicious domains12. Mishsky, I., Gal-Oz, N., Gudes, E.: A topology based flow model for computingdomain reputation. In: Samarati, P. (ed.) DBSec 2015. LNCS, vol. 9149, pp. 277–292. Springer, Cham (2015). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20810-7 20

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